Q Magazine UK
Photo by Victoria Smith
Solar energy that doesn’t block the view
A team of researchers at Michigan State University has developed a new type of solar concentrator that when placed over a window creates solar energy while allowing people to actually see through the window. It is called a transparent luminescent solar concentrator and can be used on buildings, cell phones and any other device that has a clear surface. And, according to Richard Lunt of MSU’s College of Engineering, the key word is “transparent.”
Courtesy of John Lundburg, here are some rare shots of the late Robin Williams undergoing his makeup transformation into Andy Kaufman’s grandmother for Andy’s Carnegie Hall show. Williams would of course wear a very similar makeup years later for the film “Mrs. Doubtfire”.
Hemoglobin is the iron-containing oxygen-transport metalloprotein in the red blood cells of all vertebrates (with the exception of the fish family Channichthyidae) as well as the tissues of some invertebrates. Hemoglobin in the blood carries oxygen from the respiratory organs (lungs or gills) to the rest of the body (i.e. the tissues) where it releases the oxygen to burn nutrients to provide energy to power the functions of the organism, and collects the resultant carbon dioxide to bring it back to the respiratory organs to be dispensed from the organism.
Cigarettes are a danger to your health for many reasons.
Tobacco, when smoked, contains carbon monoxide, also often referred to as ‘the silent killer’ in reference to leaks in buildings. When carbon monoxide enters your body, it enters your blood stream and binds to the hemoglobin in your blood cells. Carbon monoxide binds much stronger to hemoglobin than oxygen, and takes the place of it in your bloodstream. When your bloodstream is filled with carbon monoxide, your organs do not receive enough oxygen, and slowly die, This means that your brain, lungs, heart, and every tissue and organ in your body slowly wither away. They all rely on blood to transport nutrients and oxygen.
Smoking paralyzes cilia in your body, which are small hairs that line the tissues inside your body, and also causes the mucus in your body to be heavily smoke-laden. It may not sound like much, but they play an important part in capturing and removing waste from your body. Without them, a great deal of waste stays in you. Smokers are also extremely prone to chronic bronchitis, where the bronchi in your lungs are swollen and clogged with mucus, preventing proper oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange.
Tobacco is also known to contain tar, which leaves a sticky brown residue, which is clearly shown in the smoker’s lung. Cancer Research UK has reported that cigarettes contain over 70 chemicals that lead to cancer.
Most importantly, notice how the smoker’s lung doesn’t inflate very well. Smoking can cause emphysema, which causes lungs to lose elasticity. This is incredibly dangerous, as the body will not be able to get enough oxygen, and expel all of the carbon dioxide.
Tobacco contains nicotine, which increases heart rate and blood pressure, and is extremely hard to quit. The best way to avoid all these health conditions is to stay away from smoking in the first place.
Edit: It has come to my attention that the gifs above may not be of human lungs, and they are more likely to be of pigs’, stained and altered to look like smokers’ lungs. However, the information on the results of smoking is still quite accurate, and these risks are still present to smokers. Very sorry for this discrepancy.